The movement for restorative justice first arose in the United States in the late-1970s and crossed the Atlantic and began to take root in Europe a few years later.
All European juvenile justice systems implement restorative justice programmes, though these are more restricted in adult criminal jurisdiction and are only found in certain countries such as Germany, Belgium and the Scandinavian nations.
However, we can affirm now that the practice of restorative justice is a reality and not a mere chimaera.
Restorative justice is based, essentially, on three principles:
The most common restorative justice practices are mediation, conferencing or family conferencing, support circles and restorative meetings, although more informal practices also exist.